Working with Sensorial Materials
The sensorial materials in a Montessori classroom are colorful, attractive to children and designed to educate and refine the senses.
Benefits of Sensorial Materials
- Sensorial materials do not only provide the refinement of senses but actually prepare the child for many other subjects which the child encounters afterwards. Sensorial activities are therefore seen as indirect preparation for Maths.
- Help to develop the ability to compare, combine, judge
- The sensorial materials help the child to become aware of detail.
- All of the materials have, what is called, a built-in control of error. This helps the child to make their own corrections which aids independence. The child can explore with the materials without fear of making mistakes, becoming comfortable in the fact that errors are essential to the process of learning.
Sensorial materials were designed by Montessori to cover every quality that can be perceived by the senses such as:
Shape and colour: to visually discriminate differences between similar objects and differing objects
Texture: the child learns through his sense of touch, giving the child a hands-on learning experience
Sound: the child discriminates between different sounds to refine and be made more aware of the sounds in his or her environment
Smell and taste: the child will be able to distinguish one smell or taste from another
Temperature: the child will focus on exercises to refine a sense of temperature
Weight and size: the child will learn to feel the difference of pressure or weight of different objects.